Variation in patterns of teacher development and change: Connections with the development of scholarly teaching and the scholarship of teaching

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Research and Development in Higher Education: Enhancing Higher Education, Theory and Scholarship Vol. 30

July, 2007, 651 pages
Published by
Geoffrey Crisp & Margaret Hicks
ISBN
0 908557 72 8
Abstract 

Scholarly teaching and the scholarship of teaching are associated with student-focused conceptions of teaching, both explicitly by some writers, and implicitly in their focus on engaging with students and investigating relations between teaching and student learning. This paper focuses on the extent to which development and change in conceptions of teaching relate to the development of the attributes of scholarly teaching and the scholarship of teaching. The paper is based on a longitudinal study of 27 university teachers. Four patterns describing development or change in teachers’ conceptions of teaching over time are described, varying from remaining teacher focused with teaching-focused ways of experiencing change in teaching to becoming or remaining student-focused with a student- learning and teacher-understanding focused way of experiencing change in teaching. In the two patterns in which teachers remained teacher focused, there was little evidence of the attributes of scholarly teaching. Teachers reflected on and changed their content or strategies and developed selective knowledge of teaching but did not reflect on or investigate the relations between their teaching and students’ learning. By contrast, in the two patterns in which teachers became or remained student focused in their teaching situations, teachers described many of the features of scholarly teaching: pedagogic content knowledge, investigating and reflecting on connections between teaching and their students’ learning, learning from students and seeking to communicate with peers, either informally or through publication. The paper concludes that a focus on learning from students might be not just a feature of scholarly teaching but critical for its development.

Variation in patterns of teacher development and change: Connections with the development of scholarly teaching and the scholarship of teaching

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McKenzie, J.